At-home artificial insemination (AI) is a self-insemination that is vaginally performed. The main advantage is that you won’t have to visit any gynecological consultation or fertility clinic.
With this technique, the sperm is released inside the vagina as it is done when engaging into sexual intercourse. It can be performed easily at home by just following a series of guidelines and using the appropriate kit.
At-home AI is a common choice among women who decide to become single moms, lesbian couples, and couples where the man has problems ejaculating inside the vagina due to erectile dysfunction (ED) or retrograde ejaculation. You will find the whole process step by step hereunder.
At-home AI kit
It’s considered to be a simple, inexpensive technique and the necessary materials to perform it can be easily purchased in pharmacies. The at-home artificial insemination kit includes the following materials:
- Sterile from 2 to 5 ml syringe without needle; the ones including a cannula work better as they are larger.
- Vinyl gloves.
- Sample container.
- Physiological serum, since it facilitates semen suction.
How is it performed?
Once all the necessary materials are ready, the following steps are then taken:
- After we put gloves on, partner or donor semen is left in the container for this purpose.
- In order to facilitate semen suction, some serum should be added to the semen in order to make it more watery. Serum should be at the same temperature as human body, i.e. about 36-37°C.
- Then, the semen is sucked out with the syringe.
- The recipient lies in the same position as in the gynecologist, that is, with her legs open.
- We insert carefully the syringe into the vagina in order to gently empty the semen on the inside. This step should be carried out slowly in order not to be scratched. It will be easier with some help.
- Once we have already finished, 2 ml serum should be sucked out with the syringe and then the operation will be repeated; in this way, sperm cells that remain stucked in the syringe can be used as well.
- After the process, the woman should rest in the same position for half an hour and then she can continue her normal routine.
At-home AI accuracy
At-home artificial insemination is not considered to be a medical technique because it requires no qualified professional. Moreover, it is performed in the private sphere and there are no studies that calculate the success rates of this assisted reproductive technology.
Its accuracy is similar to engaging into unsafe sexual intercourse and, surely, less effective because the sperm is transported and used after being ejaculated. If it is not correctly performed, sperm may deteriorate. That is why it is crucial to keep the sperm in optimal temperature conditions. When sperm stays out of a man’s body for more than three hours, it is no longer considered as viable.
If there are severe fertility problems, this procedure is not recommended, since treatments have made a good progress and women can now undergo ovarian hyperstimulation in clinics to increase the pregnancy rate. Furthermore, sperm is artificially prepared to facilitate its journey to the egg.