By Andrea Rodrigo BSc, MSc (embryologist).
Last Update: 06/22/2016

Knowing the identity of our sperm donor or not is one of the most controversial aspects surrounding assisted reproductive technology (ART) programs.

Some clinicians and patients are in favor of being free to choose, while others agree with the establishment of certain restrictions regarding how much information about the sperm donor is provided to the intended parents.

Information about the sperm donor

Anonymous sperm donation is usually the option of choice in Russia. In fact, this is the only option available in a number of Russian fertility clinics offering sperm donor programs, either for undergoing an IVF or IUI cycle.

Information about the potential donor (address and phone number) as well as his full name cannot be revealed to the intended parents. At the same time, the donor will not be given this kind of data about the set of prospective parents. However, patients can ask for certain data, such as physical characteristics, nationality, educational level, etc.

Non-anonymous sperm donation

Within Russia, current regulations establish that the identity and confidential information about the donor should be kept private by the clinic. Thus, it will be the clinic staff’s responsibility to allocate each donor to a set of intended parents.

However, there exists an exception to this rule by which intended parents may have the chance to meet their donor. This option is known as non-anonymous sperm donation and refers to those cases in which it is the intended parents themselves provides the sperm donor.

This type of donation is allowed only when the donor is a family member or close friend to the individual or couple wishing to achieve motherhood/parenthood.

Even though this option is legally permitted, non-anonymous sperm donation is rather uncommon if compared to the other type, that is, anonymous sperm donation.

High-quality sperm

For a candidate to become a sperm donor to be finally accepted into the donor program, he should have a series of qualities related to his health status, and pass a medical and psychological screening that proves he is indeed able to become a donor without implying a prejudice for him.

The personal interview with the clinic’s staff, as well as the psychological screening, are of material importance. Such conversation are done with the sole purpose of analyzing the candidate’s lifestyle, his personal medical and family history, his emotional state, the reasons why he is willing to donate, etc.

Also, serology testing and semen analyses are necessary for the purposes listed hereon:

  • Blood typing
  • Karyotype test and genetic screening
  • Verifying the absence of infectious diseases such as the HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, etc.
  • Bacterial culture of semen
  • Semen analysis (SE)

If the candidate presents the adequate sperm parameters after taking all these tests, and he proves to be mentally capable of undergoing sperm donation, he will be accepted into the donor program. The next step will consist in waiting to be matched with a person or couple in need of his semen in order to start a fertility treatment.

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Authors and contributors

 Andrea Rodrigo
BSc, MSc
Bachelor's Degree in Biotechnology from the Polytechnic University of Valencia. Master's Degree in Biotechnology of Human Assisted Reproduction from the University of Valencia along with the Valencian Infertility Institute (IVI). Postgraduate course in Medical Genetics. More information
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    1. bastille3

      And who can use donor sperm in Russia? Because Sandra you say “person or couple” but it’s not clear. We’re a lesbian couple and are planning to visit a friend this summer in Moscow… as I’m planning to get pregnant (lesbian IVF), we’ve though of using donor sperm there, so we’re interested.

      • Sandra FernándezBA, MA

        Hello bastille3,

        I’m afraid lesbian couples are not allowed to access fertility care with donor sperm in Russia. It is only permitted to heterosexual couples with poor-quality sperm or whose male partner is a carrier of a genetic abnormality, and women who choose to become single mothers by choice. But the LGBT community cannot access ART programs in the Russian Federation.

        My advice is that you fill in our form to get estimates from different clinics according to your personal situation. Just follow this link to complete in just 3 simple steps: Cost estimate for egg donation.

        All the best