- Reduced dose of medications for inducing ovulation
- No surgical intervention is required
- Basic instruments to assist the procedure
- Embryo culture is unnecessary
- Lower number of follow-ups, ultrasounds and analyses
Single women and lesbian couples wishing to have a baby have no alternative but to use donor sperm. And the same applies in the case of heterosexual couples whose male partner does not meet the minimum requirements to guarantee the success of the fertility treatment.
Cost of donor sperm
Sperm donors should act altruistically, as stated by the Cypriot Law 69 (I)/2015. Even though the sale or purchase of semen samples is forbidden, the law on medically assisted reproduction envisages the possibility of giving a financial compensation to the donor in recognition of the potential travel expenses and time off work derived from the process.
Apart from this compensation, the medical and psychological screening of potential sperm donors, along with the cryopreservation of the semen samples, make the cost slightly higher, regardless of whether the treatment of choice is IUI or IVF.
Thus, the cost of an intrauterine insemination cycle may cost €1,000 approximately. Conversely, when donor sperm is used, the price amounts to €1,500-2,000.
In Cyprus, the overall price for this fertility treatment includes the whole process itself and the semen sample. However, extra fees such as those derived from mild ovarian stimulation or the pre-screening process are not included in general. In the case of international patients, accommodation and travel fees are neither included.
Requirements for artificial insemination
Artificial insemination consists in inserting and placing a semen sample inside the female uterus, waiting for the sperms to travel toward the Fallopian tubes in order for them to make it to the egg and finally fertilize it.
Even if a woman or couple wished to go through this fertility treatment instead of IVF with the purpose of saving time and money, it would not be always possible. In order for an artificial insemination cycle to be successful, the following requirements should be met:
- Age under 35-37 years old
- Normal ovarian reserve, i.e. high egg quality and quantity.
- Tubal patency
- Absence of uterine malformations
In addition to these aspects, semen samples should be of optimal quality, especially in terms of sperm count and sperm motility. This is not an issue in the case of artificial insemination by donor (AID), as donors must produce high-quality sperm and pass a strict medical and psychological screening process.
Broadly speaking, for artificial insemination the donor’s motile sperm concentration (SMC) should present at least 3-5 million sperm/ml. Nonetheless, this requirement may vary from clinic to clinic.
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