It involves the collection and preparation of the semen sample, and its subsequent insertion and placement inside the uterus. The goal is that the sperms themselves are able to reach the Fallopian tubes and fertilize the egg once there. In order to increase its odds of success, the woman’s menstrual cycle is mildly triggered so that her ovulation peak is on par with the very moment of insemination.
To be able to achieve pregnancy by means of IUI, a series of requirements must be met:
- The woman must have a good ovarian reserve and normal menstrual cycles.
- Having tubal patency in order to allow the passage of spermatozoa toward the egg is crucial.
- Using or producing a high quality semen sample, especially in terms of sperm concentration and sperm motility.
In cases where the semen sample’s quality is insufficient or genetic alterations likely to be passed to offspring are detected, Greek law on medically assisted reproduction (law 3305/2005) allows the use of donor sperm.
Also in cases where there is no male partner, becoming pregnant through artificial insemination by donor (AID) is possible. In Greece, non-married couples (either gay or straight) as well as single women have access to assisted reproduction as well, provided that there exists a notarial deed.
The cost of artificial insemination may range from €300 to €400. However, fertility medications women have to administer in order to increase the success rates are not usually included within this price.
If the technique of choice is artificial insemination by donor (AID) (also known as donor insemination or DI), the cost of the semen sample is around 250-350 euros. Taking this into account, the total cost of artificial insemination by donor is €600 approximately. Again, this amount refers only to sperm capacitation and insemination itself; therefore, the cost of medications and other procedures is at the patients’ expense.
Raising your questions to the staff of the fertility center and getting estimates before starting the treatment is a crucial step so you can have an idea of the approximate expenditure of an AID cycle.
According to Greek law, sperm donation must be an altruistic procedure, which is to say, donors cannot be given any kind of payment for donating their sperm. In spite of that, a reimbursement of the expenses derived from the sperm donation process is allowed.
- Up to €200 for travel expenses incurred in relation to transportation to the fertility clinic for sperm collection.
- Up to €100 for work days lost, whether it has been time off work or loss of earnings.
Normally, donors are given an average amount of 35 euros per sample collected by the fertility clinic.
It should be noted that donor semen samples can only be used after having been frozen for 6 months. This is the quarantine period required to verify the sample is indeed free from sexually transmitted diseases such as the HIV.
Sperm freezing and storage fees are usually included in the total cost of sperm donation; however, patients are advised to ask the clinic for confirmation.