It consists in placing a small portion of the semen sample in the uterine cavity, waiting for the sperms to be able to swim toward the egg. At least one of them is expected to be able to fertilize it, which would give rise to the creation of a new embryo.
It can be carried out at the doctor’s office and besides anesthesia is not required.
In order for the conditions at which the insemination is performed and its chances of success to be improved, two procedures are involved:
- Sperm capacitation: It is a process done to improve the seminal parameters, especially sperm capacitation and sperm motility. It involves preparing the sample before inserting it in the woman’s womb.
- Ovarian stimulation: Women are given mild ovulation induction medications to trigger ovarian development; it helps monitor the patient’s cycle, and therefore schedule the insemination for the most appropriate moment.
Since the only steps involved are the above mentioned procedures, and given that follicular puncture or embryo lab techniques involving high complexity are unnecessary, the cost of intrauterine insemination is low.
Depending on each situation’s particularities and the cause behind infertility, artificial insemination may be the most appropriate way to achieve pregnancy or not.
Cost of donor insemination
As indicated earlier, intrauterine insemination is a rapid, painless, and simple fertility treatment, and these are the reasons why its cost is not too high.
One should keep in mind that this is a cost estimate, and for this reason, it may vary depending on the fertility clinic chosen for undergoing the AID cycle.
Intended parents who are about to start an IUI cycle are advised to ask for all the economic costs derived from the process. More often than not, the overall price of the treatment does not include the cost of the medications for ovulation induction; therefore, clarifying beforehand what’s included and what’s not in the initial quotation is crucial.
Usually, even though clinics do not include the cost of the medications, they do include everything related to the donor, such as the treatment, sperm storage fees, economic compensation, sperm capacitation, etc.
As for the ultrasound monitoring and blood tests for recipients, significant variations can be found. While some clinics do include these medical visits, others consider them to be extra fees.
Stimulation of ovarian function medications
Multiple births entail a higher risk for the woman than a singleton pregnancy, and therefore their likelihood should be reduced to the maximum extent.
Given that fertilization of the ovum is about to take place inside the woman’s organism, the ovarian stimulation cycle should be nothing but a mild one. The aim is simple: increasing the chances of pregnancy, but without shooting up the risk of multiple births.
For this reason, with ovarian stimulation, the purpose is just about obtaining one or two eggs. To achieve so, hormone medications are given in low doses for a shorter period of time than that required in an ovulation cycle for IVF.
This is another reason why the final cost of an intrauterine insemination cycle is lower.