Artificial insemination (AI) using donor sperm is a fertility treatment indicated mainly to single women wishing to become mothers. It is also suitable for lesbian couples as well as heterosexual couples where severe male factor infertility is detected.
The cost of artificial insemination by donor (AID) may vary from clinic to clinic depending on the particular circumstances of each case. Nonetheless, the usual price ranges from €800 to €1,500 in general terms.
This price includes all procedures concerning sperm donation and the donor himself as well as the sperm donation process. Conversely, ovulation induction drugs administered to the woman with the purpose of stimulating her ovaries and monitoring her menstrual cycle are not usually included in the overall costs, although this may depend on the conditions established by each assisted reproduction center.
Artificial insemination procedure
Artificial insemination stands for a low-complexity assisted reproduction technique, since complex laboratory procedures, surgery, and special medical instruments are not necessary. This is the reason why its cost is rather lower than that of in vitro fertilization (IVF).
In case you undergo artificial insemination by donor, the semen sample must be previously thawed, given that donor sperm samples are always cryopreserved, pending confirmation that the sample is indeed free from the HIV infection or any other infectious disease.
The following are the steps involved in the artificial insemination by donor procedure:
- Ovarian stimulation: The patient is administered hormones (FSH, and LH in some cases) to monitor her menstrual cycle and trigger egg production. Given that fertilization is to take place inside the woman’s body, hormone medications are administered in low doses in order to prevent ovarian hyperstimulation, this way ruling out any chance of multiple birth.
- Semen collection: The donor sperm sample is thawed after having been obtained 6 months earlier and cryopreserved ever since. Generally, before being frozen, the sample is treated through sperm capacitation, a procedure that aims at reducing the amount of seminal plasma in the ejaculate and leaving only high quality sperm in the semen sample.
- Insemination: Once the semen sample is thawed, an amount of approximately 1 to 1.5 ml is aspirated. Then, it will placed inside the uterus of the patient.
With the exception of the medications administered to the woman, the remainder of the procedure is generally included within the overall price of artificial insemination. Medications administered to the patient for AI cost around €300-€500.
Altruistic sperm donation
Event though Spanish Law on Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques (LAHRT) describes gamete donation as an altruistic action, it allows sperm donors to receive an economic compensation for the inconveniences caused and lost work hours that may be derived from the donation process.
Since sperm donation is a low-risk procedure, the economic compensation given to sperm donors is lower if compared to the compensation for egg donors. Sperm donors are usually given between €30 and €50 per sample collected. Usually, donors deliver a sample per week within a period of four, five, or six months.
The overall price of this treatment normally includes the sperm donor compensation as well as medical and psychological screening tests carried out on the donor, such as karyotype analysis, tests for the detection of viral infections, blood type, semen analysis, semen culture test…