In order to carry out a microscopic study of the semen, it is necessary to observe the spermatozoa with a Neubauer or Makler camera under the microscope and the different parameters discussed below are analyzed:
- Sperm motility or ability of the sperm to move.
- Sperm concentration: 15 million sperm per mL is considered a normal sperm concentration according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Morphology: is evaluated by observing the head, body and tail of the spermatozoon.
- Presence of leukocytes in the semen sample could be indicative of infection.