In order to carry out a microscopic study of the semen, it is necessary to observe the spermatozoa with a Neubauer or Makler camera under the microscope and the different parameters discussed below are analyzed:
- Sperm motility or ability of the sperm to move.
- Sperm concentration: 15 million sperm per mL is considered a normal sperm concentration according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Morphology: is evaluated by observing the head, body and tail of the spermatozoon.
- Presence of leukocytes in the semen sample could be indicative of infection.
By Dr. Joel G. Brasch (gynecologist), Mark P. Trolice MD, FACOG, FACS, FACE (reproductive endocrinologist), Marta Barranquero Gómez (embryologist), Sara Salgado BSc, MSc (embryologist), Sergio Rogel Cayetano MD (gynecologist) and Romina Packan (invitra staff).
Last Update: 12/24/2020