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Early menopause or early ovarian failure consists of the termination of ovarian activity before the age of 40. It occurs in about 1% of women. In most cases, 63% of cases, as indicated by the Spanish Association for the Study of Menopause, the cause is unknown.
The second most common cause of early ovarian failure is genetics, while other causes of premature ovarian failure are: chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatments in women with oncological processes, endometriosis, metabolic or autoimmune diseases or infections.
As stated in the Manual of Andrology of the Spanish Society of Fertility: "although the results of semen analysis can give us information about problems in the function of the male genital organs, they do not allow us to determine with certainty whether an individual is fertile or not". So, if the semen analysis is normal, should other tests be performed? In the initial assessment of a couple with reproductive dysfunction, no. The seminogram is more a tool to guide treatment than to reach a diagnosis.
It is true that there are other complementary tests that can help to study the semen in greater depth, such as the study of the double-stranded DNA fragmentation of the spermatozoa. This type of test promises to advance in the evaluation of the male but even so, we insist, they are not indicated in the initial study of a couple with reproductive dysfunction. Even if you have normozoospermia.