By Cristina Mestre Ferrer BSc, MSc (embryologist).
Last Update: 12/03/2016

Certain mild diseases in healthy adults may become serious in pregnant women.

During the nine months of pregnancy, it is likely that you have one common disease. However, while pregnant you may not be allowed to take certain medications, as it could increase the severity and become a pregnancy complication.

The different sections of this article have been assembled into the following table of contents.

Flu or cold

Even though none of them can affect the fetus severely, symptoms can turn out to be very annoying. In general, you should not take any medication, as they can affect fetal development. The most advisable is bed rest, along with steam inhalations to make the throat moist and loosen up your stuffy nose.

Also, drinking plenty of water and honey, or taking sore throat and blocked nose lozenges is highly recommended.

Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacterial agents and are very common in females. Most common symptoms include itchiness, stinginess, and frequent urge to urinate.

To prevent them, good genital hygiene after visiting the bathroom and drinking plenty of water is essential. Nonetheless, if you have an UTI, the treatment requires antibiotic administration. In any case, visit your doctor before taking any type of medication.

Toxoplasmosis

Although it is a rare illness, it can severely affect the fetus.

This bacterial infection is transmitted via cat feces, lamb or pork meat that is undercooked. Thus, you should avoid contact with these elements at all costs.

Symptoms include fever, skin rashes, and sore throat. Also, it can increase the miscarriage and preterm birth rates.

High blood pressure

It is common for pregnant women to have a higher blood pressure than normal.

The symptoms of high blood pressure are headache, as well as tired feet and leg.

Blood pressure of pregnant women is measured during fetal ultrasounds, hence the importance of attending all follow-up visits. Otherwise, it can lead to thrombi, affecting the mother and the fetus severely.

Gestational diabetes

Diabetes can be acquired during pregnancy, especially during week 20.

During medical checkups, glucose screening tests to check sugar blood levels are performed. Gestational diabetes can cause preterm delivery, perinatal death, miscarriage… Moreover, we recommend that you control your blood intake and practice moderate exercise.

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Authors and contributors

 Cristina Mestre Ferrer
BSc, MSc
Embryologist
Bachelor's Degree in Biological Sciences, Genetics & Human Reproduction from the University of Valencia (UV). Master's Degree in Biotechnology of Human Assisted Reproduction from the UV and the Valencian Infertility Institute (IVI). Embryologist at IVI Barcelona. More information
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