Infertility is diagnosed if a couple has failed to conceive after a year of unprotected sex. A couple has primary infertility if they have never had a child before (and is experiencing problems). In the secondary infertility the couple is unable to get pregnant again.
Sometimes, secondary infertility can be experienced with a new partner.
Secondary fertility is quite prevalent. However, there is a big difference between women with secondary infertility and those who have primary infertility. Even so, couples that have secondary infertility feel the same guilt, refusal, anger, depression and frustration as those of the primary type. On top of that, passing on this stressful feeling of anxiety to the children may be very worrisome for the couples that cope with secondary infertility.
Generally, secondary sterility shares the same causes as primary sterility: hormone imbalances, ovarian and ovulation disorders, endometrial or tract-related problems, vaginal or uterine issues and genetic disorders.
Nonetheless, maternal age, a sexually-transmitted disease contracted after the previous pregnancy, a disease that was dormant during said gestation, alterations in the cervical mucus, fybromas, diabetes or even any ovarian or ovulation disorder are common causes of secondary sterility.
How can we treat infertility?
Like the causes, the treatments and ways to deal with both types of infertility are very similar. However, time is a critical factor in the treatment of secondary sterility. Treating secondary infertility in a 30 year-old woman is not the same as treating this condition in a 40 year-old woman.
Timing has to be optimised by accelerating the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. It is also important the the couples sets realistic expectations about the chances of success of the treatment.