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Definition and options available
Male and female fertility
Artificial insemination (AI)
AI by husband
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In vitro fertilization (IVF)
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IVF embryo transfer
Embryo genetic testing (PGD)
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Pregnancy after treatment
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Guide to infertility treatments: definition and options available
Infertility can be addressed through assisted reproductive technology. The most common treatments are artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization.
Necrospermia is a male fertility problem characterized by the presence of dead sperm in the ejaculate. Necrospermic men, however, are able to have biological offspring thanks to assisted reproductive technologies.
It consists of an alteration within the sperm shape, in which more than 95% of sperm have an strange morphology, leading thus to male infertility because of an sperm factor.
Testicular orchiditis is the name that an inflammation in the male gonads receives, be it in the vasa deferentia, epididymis, blood vessels or the testicle itself.
Sertoli cell-only syndrome
There aren’t many cases of Sertoli cell-only syndrome, but men that suffer from it can’t produce spermatozoa and must turn to sperm donation to become parents.
Varicocele is a dilatation of the testicle veins, which doesn't always result in a problem of fertility. In severe cases when it aches, surgery is recommended to treat it.
Male factor infertility
Male sterility due to sperm factors may be produced by some alterations that affect the spermatozoa, either their vitality, morphology, concentration and/or motility.
Sperm DNA fragmentation
Sperm fragmentation may cause male infertility, preventing natural pregnancy.
Indications for conventional in vitro fertilisation
In vitro fertilisation is indicated in cases of mild male infertility and tubal obstruction, endometriosis, and ovulation disruption. This technique consists of placing the ovum in a drop of sperm; then, the...
Depending on the nature of the problem, male sterility may be due to several factors, such as: endocrine factors, testicular factors, post-testicular factors, and, finally, sperm factors.
Vasectomy and pregnancy: being a parent after vasectomy
Vasectomy must be only chosen as a contraceptive method when a man is convinced that he does not want to have more children. Although it is a sterilisation procedure, there are options for being father again, if desired.
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