Artificial insemination is a simple technique by which sperm from the couple or donor are introduced into the uterine cavity.
Once the ovary has been stimulated or the cycle has been done without medication (natural cycle), the patient will be administered a drug to produce ovulation 36 hours later.
On the day the insemination is performed, the male will go to the centre 2 hours before the scheduled time of the insemination to collect the sample so that it can be prepared in the laboratory. In the case of using a sample from a sperm donor, the sample will be thawed before insemination and prepared in the same way in the laboratory.
Insemination is usually performed in the consultation and does not require any special preparation. The patient will be placed in a gynaecological position and by means of a speculum such as the one used in cytologies, the gynaecologist will locate the cervix. By means of a cannula, the semen sample previously prepared in the laboratory is introduced into the uterine cavity. This process is usually painless and takes less than 5 minutes. In cases of canal cervix narrowing or other features, it can be somewhat more difficult and therefore take longer.
After this, the patient will rest for 20-30 minutes and then leave the centre with the instructions until the day of the pregnancy test. Rest after insemination is not obligatory, as no evidence exists that it improves the pregnancy rate.