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Cystic Fibrosis
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Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited genetic disease that normally affects the respiratory system, pancreas and sweat glands.

The cause of cystic fibrosis is a mutation in the gene CFTR which is found on chromosome 7. This disease has an incidence in the population of 1 in every 2,000-3,500 live births.

The most common clinical aspects of cystic fibrosis are the following:

  • Recurrent Pneumonia.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Increased electrolytes.
  • Nasal congestion.
  • Exercise Intolerance.

In addition to these clinical manifestations, there are other signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis depending on the severity in each patient.

This disease has a recessive autosomal recessive inheritance, which requires that both partners carry the mutation of the gene that causes cystic fibrosis. In this case, it is recommended to perform a preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to avoid the transmission of the disease.