Uterine prolapse is the dropping of the uterus through the vagina, due to an alteration in the systems that hold the uterus to the pelvic wall (failure of ligaments and other supporting elements). Normally, the patient perceives a lump in the genitals that can be reduced with manual pressure.
It is important to differentiate it from bladder prolapse (descent of the bladder through the vagina) and rectal prolapse (descent of the rectum through the vagina). All of them together are called pelvic organ prolapse.
The main factor in triggering pelvic organ prolapse is previous vaginal delivery (especially instrumental delivery). In any case, all of them are susceptible to surgical intervention if a degree of descent is reached that affects the patient's quality of life, since it is a benign pathology.