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When is a woman said to be infertile?

By Luis Rodríguez Tabernero M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D. (gynecologist).
Last Update: 12/30/2021

A woman is said to be infertile when she is unable to become pregnant within 1 year of having unprotected sexual intercourse regularly, after ruling out male causes.

There are a great variety of causes of greater or lesser severity. That is why in many cases it may happen that the woman is not aware of her problem until the necessary sterility tests are performed, since in many cases she does not show any symptoms.

There are 2 types of sterility:

Primary
is when we have never been able to get pregnant.
Secondary
is when we do not achieve gestation despite having one or more previous children with the same partner.

To know the state of our ovarian reserve, it is best to perform an ultrasound to assess the antral follicle count, and a hormone analysis to determine the levels of FSH and antimullerian hormone.

And finally, it is necessary to know that the period of greatest fertility in women is from 16 to 30-35 years of age approximately, with fertility being clearly affected from the age of 40 onwards.

 Luis Rodríguez Tabernero
Luis Rodríguez Tabernero
M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D.
Gynecologist
Degree in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Salamanca and Specialist in Obstetrics and Gynaecology via MIR. Dr. Rodríguez Tabernero is responsible for the Human Assisted Reproduction Unit of the Gyaecology and Obstetrics Department of the Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid since 2013 and has also been working in the field of reproductive medicine since 2000.
Licence number:474705276
Gynecologist. Degree in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Salamanca and Specialist in Obstetrics and Gynaecology via MIR. Dr. Rodríguez Tabernero is responsible for the Human Assisted Reproduction Unit of the Gyaecology and Obstetrics Department of the Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid since 2013 and has also been working in the field of reproductive medicine since 2000. Licence number:474705276.