Low sperm counts can be caused by a variety of health problems and medical treatments. These include urogenital infections that would cause a seminal infection, the most common cause of male infertility.
These include orchitis, epididymitis, prostatitis, vesiculitis, and urethritis. In the seminal sample, the presence of leukocytospermia and bacteriospermia can affect sperm concentration, motility and morphology.
The seminogram will reflect its presence due to the change in seminal characteristics by the establishment of microorganisms in the genital tract and their multiplication.
Spermatogenesis, maturation and transport of sperm through the seminal duct may be affected by infection. Not only the site of infection but also the type of microorganism causing the urogenital infection is important for diagnosis and treatment.