The actual parents are always the intended parents, whom will have the parental rights of the child that has been conceived through third-party assisted reproduction. Yet, if we distinguish between social (i.e. non-genetic) and genetic parents, as well as a gestational mother in cases of host surrogacy, up to 5 combinations are possible. To sum up:
- Intended parents = social parents (2)
- Gestational carrier = gestational mother (1)
- Egg donor = genetic mother (1)
- Sperm donor = genetic father (1)
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