In countries where gender or sex selection is allowed (e.g. the United States), choosing the sperm's gender is possible by means of "sperm sorting", in which case sex selection for AI would be possible. However, the effectiveness of this technique is low.
Gender selection is usually carried out as a complementary technique with IVF, as PGD (preimplantation genetic diagnosis) is required to analyze the embryos and their chromosomes.
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