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What are the advantages and disadvantages of the contraceptive pill?

By Silvia Azaña Gutiérrez B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist).
Last Update: 04/26/2022

Among the main advantages and benefits of the combined oral contraceptive pill we can highlight:

  • They have a high reliability.
  • They are an easy, practical and reversible contraceptive method for when pregnancy is desired.
  • They may produce lighter and less painful periods.
  • They can improve acne.
  • They reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, such as ovarian, endometrial and colorectal cancer.
  • They may improve bone mineral density.

However, this method of contraception also has some disadvantages. Among them are:

  • It requires fairly strict control to take the pill every day at approximately the same time.
  • Some side effects may appear, usually temporary.
  • They present a higher risk of some serious complications, such as blood clots.
  • They may increase the risk of breast and cervical cancer.
  • They do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Therefore, a woman should take all these points into account to determine with her doctor whether the contraceptive pill is the most appropriate contraceptive method for her.

 Silvia Azaña Gutiérrez
Silvia Azaña Gutiérrez
B.Sc., M.Sc.
Embryologist
Graduate in Health Biology from the University of Alcalá and specialized in Clinical Genetics from the same university. Master in Assisted Reproduction by the University of Valencia in collaboration with IVI clinics.
License: 3435-CV
Embryologist. Graduate in Health Biology from the University of Alcalá and specialized in Clinical Genetics from the same university. Master in Assisted Reproduction by the University of Valencia in collaboration with IVI clinics. License: 3435-CV.