Hysterosalpingography is a radiological procedure that aims to assess the morphology of the uterine cavity, the contours of the endometrium and tubal patency, the latter factor being responsible for between 25 and 35% of the causes of infertility and a necessary aspect to know as part before an artificial insemination procedure.
As it is a somewhat invasive gynecological procedure, it is contraindicated to perform it if the patient has pelvic infection, but even in the absence of it, as a prophylactic measure, the administration of antibiotics is indicated the day or days prior to the study. Likewise, to avoid pain or discomfort after the procedure, it is recommended to take anti-inflammatory analgesic from the night before.
The procedure should be performed in the first half of the menstrual cycle (7 to 10 days after the onset of the last menstrual period) during the proliferative phase of the endometrium, which facilitates the interpretation of the image. In addition, it is recommended not to have unprotected sex in that cycle, which ensures that there is no ongoing pregnancy. Studies performed in the second phase of the cycle may lead to false results.