The main difference between the types of cervicitis lies in the cause. Chronic cervicitis is usually not caused by infection and usually presents as redness of the cervix due to other factors, such as allergies. This type of condition can also be caused by pH disturbances.
Acute cervicitis occurs as a result of a bacterial or viral infection and is therefore associated with sexually transmitted infections. In addition, acute cervicitis is frequently found after childbirth.
In any case, the infection can move up the female reproductive tract and lead to endometritis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).