Cervicitis is a bacterial inflammation of the cervix that may arise due to sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, gonorrhoea, genital herpes etc.) or due to the presence of germs in the woman’s body.
Some studies point to other causes, such as allergy, chemical exposure or even the improper collocation of some dispositive in the affected area, such as a diaphragm.
It’s a quite common affection in women. Approximately 50% of them suffer from it.
The symptoms are similar to those produced by other vaginal infections:
- Colored vaginal discharge that may have a strong smell.
- Pain in the lower part of the abdomen or pain during sexual intercourse.
- Irritation, burning or stinging of the affected area.
- Discomfort when urinating.
- It may even cause fever.
Women must visit the doctor in case of discomfort so the doctors can diagnose any possible pathology. After a gynecological exploration or a pelvic examination, the woman may either feel discomfort due to the inflammation of the vagina or her cervix might acquire a red color.
A cytology may be needed.
The treatment is based on antibiotics prescribed by the doctors. If the affection becomes chronic, the administration of pills through the vagina, or even the cauterisation, may be necessary.
As a preventive measure, the use of preservatives during intercourse with different people is recommended so that the transmission of any infectious agent is avoided. The hygiene of the area is also of vital importance: there are gels for the genitals that have a neutral pH and that fight the irritation of that area. Special attention must be paid to the usage of tampons: the indications of the producer must be followed and the tampon must be changed periodically, even if it’s not full.
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