Russia is the world's largest country in terms of extension, as well as the 9th most populated. It is known for being a transcontinental country: even though the vast majority of its territory belongs to the Asian continent, at an economic, historial, and population level it is located within Europe.
The different sections of this article have been assembled into the following table of contents.
Fertility programs by city
Russia's capital city is Moscow, although other cities such as San Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, or Krasnoyarsk are often among the most touristic places across the country.
The nearly 130 fertility clinics that can be found there, along with the particular characteristics of the Russian law on assisted human reproduction make Russia an attractive country not only because of its cultural wealth and landscapes, but also because of the broad range of reproductive options available.
What follows is material information on the major destination cities in Russia for foreign patients who choose this country for struggling with infertility:
Moscow is the capital city of Russia, Europe's largest city and the 7th largest in area at the global level. Apart from being a city of contrasts from the economical point of view (dire poverty vs. great wealth), Moscow is characterized by the number of bridges surrounding the city.
In spite of its huge size, getting around Moscow is rather easy, as it is equipped with one of the world's biggest underground public transport networks, which allows you to travel from side-to-side of the city efficiently.
Among Moscow's most emblematic landmarks, we should like to highlight the following spots: the Red Square, the Lenin's Mausoleum, Saint Basil's Cathedral, the Kremlin, or the State Tretyakov Gallery.
It is located in the western portion of the country, that is, in the middle of the East European Plain. Moreover, Moscow is Russia's most important economic center.
Out of the 130 fertility clinics that one can find in Russia, most of them are located in Moscow.
If you travel to Moscow by plane, you can arrive to one os its three main airports: Sheremetyevo International Airport, Domodedovo International Airport, and Vnukovo International Airport. Arriving in Moscow is also possible by train, thanks to the existing good-quality rail connection between Europe and Asia.
Saint Petersburg is Russia's second-best known and touristic city. Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, it is Europe's third largest city.
It is poetically known as the "Venice of the North" due to the numerous canals that can be found across the city. Ten percent of Saint Petersburg's total surface is occupied by inland waters. For this reason, one can find 300 bridges just in the city's downtown, and almost 800 within the main urban territory.
Saint Petersburg's main tourist attractions are: The Hermitage, Tsarskoye Selo, Peterhof and Constantine Palaces, the Smolny Cathedral, the Church of the Savior on Blood...
Since Saint Petersburg is a major Russian city, and due to its large area, it is not uncommon that a great number of fertility clinics can be found there.
Gamete donation in Russia
The Federal Law on Public Health Protection is the one setting the basis of fertility care within the Russian Federation. This legal framework allows for up to four types of sperm and egg donation procedures:
- Altruistic donation
- Paid or commercial donation
- Anonymous donation
- Non-anonymous donation (the sperm or egg donor must be a close friend or a relative)
Taking into account that all these options are permitted by law, it is only logical that a big number of foreign patients find in Russia the most suitable conditions for them to start a fertility treatment there. This is the reason why the Russian Federation is one of the main destinations for cross-border reproductive care.
In addition to egg and sperm donation, the Russian Law allows the performance of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) that are forbidden in other countries, such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) or surrogacy.
Russian Visa before traveling
In order for a foreign citizen to travel to Russia, he or she must have a specific Russian Visa valid for a definite period of time. It is a document used for indicating the entry/exit dates into/from the country, as well as the passport data of the person concerned.
It should be taken into account this visa is required for both entering and leaving the country. Thus, if this travel document is lost while your are still in the middle of the journey, or if you need to extend the date of exit, you may experience trouble leaving the country.
Should something similar occur to you, consulting your home country's Embassy or Consulate as soon as possible is strongly advisable, as they may provide you rapid assistance to help you solve the problem, and remove any mishap that could prevent you from leaving the Russian Federation when expected.
Every foreign citizen who is about to enter Russian territory must provide the following documents:
- A passport valid for at least 6 months after intended departure date
- Travel tickets and documents of entry or continuation of one's journey
- A Russian Visa with entry/exit dates
- Vaccinations are neither necessary nor required
A fertility treatment is not a mechanical procedure, but a human one, and even though many of its phases can be scheduled, mishaps that may force us to extend our intended departure date are likely to arise. In such cases, applying for a modification of our visa according to this new situation, as well as having a passport that remains valid for a long period of time, is strongly recommendable.
Regardless, setting the dates for each step involved in our fertility cycle together with the clinic is essential, since it allows us to establish an accurate timetable, always following professional counseling in order to avoid unforeseen issues.
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