Cervical cancer, also called cervix cancer, is a fairly common type of cancer in women, preceded by breast cancer. However, thanks to advances in medicine, the survival of women with this type of cancer is quite high.
Cervical cancer is caused by progressive changes in the cells that are part of the cervix: glandular and squamous cells. The point where these cells converge and their alteration is what is called the transformation zone. If these pre-cancerous changes are detected early, it is possible to prevent the development of cancer in women.