Dyspareunia, also called coitalgia, refers to the pain that occurs during sex. Dyspareunia is more common in women than in men, although it can occur in both sexes.
In men, dyspareunia can appear at the moment of ejaculation, affecting both the external and internal parts of the reproductive system. In contrast, discomfort in women is usually present on the inside of the vagina, the pelvic area, and on the abdomen.
The causes of pain during sexual intercourse are multiple and different depending on the sex:
- Dyspareunia is usually caused by an infection in the prostate, bladder or seminal vesicles. Other factors that can cause pain during sexual relations are phimosis, abnormal penile curvature, etc.
- discomfort in intercourse is associated with vaginismus. In addition, women may have dyspareunia if they suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, hyperprolactinemia, etc.