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Are there risk factors for the development of endometriosis?

By Dr. Elena Santiago Romero.
Last Update: 11/16/2021

Yes, endometriosis is a multifactorial disease, where hereditary, immunological and environmental factors make some women more susceptible than others to the disease.

Other related risk factors are:

  • Late first pregnancy or no offspring
  • Environmental factors: toxins, lifestyle, diet.
  • First early menstruation (before age 11 years)
  • Late menopause.
  • Short menstrual cycles of less than 27 days.
  • Heavy or long-lasting menses.
  • Menstrual periods.
  • Previous pelvic surgery where the uterus is manipulated.
  • Underweight or overweight.
  • High estrogen levels during cycles resulting in increased hormone exposure throughout life.
  • Abnormalities of the reproductive system that hinder the correct release of menstruation.

In addition, there is a hereditary component of endometriosis of 10%, so if there is any case in the closest family, the probability of developing this pathology will be higher.

Suggested for you: What are the possible causes of endometriosis?.

Dr. Elena Santiago Romero
Dr. Elena Santiago Romero
MD
Gynecologist
Bachelor's Degree in Medicine and Surgery from the Autonomous University of Madrid. Master's Degree in Human Reproduction from the King Juan Carlos University and the Valencian Infertility Institute (IVI). Several years of experience as a gynecologist specializing in Reproductive Medicine.
License: 282864218
Gynecologist. Bachelor's Degree in Medicine and Surgery from the Autonomous University of Madrid. Master's Degree in Human Reproduction from the King Juan Carlos University and the Valencian Infertility Institute (IVI). Several years of experience as a gynecologist specializing in Reproductive Medicine. License: 282864218.