Women who have been using hormonal contraception for a long period of time can take several month to recover normal menstrual cycles, and therefore their fertility. So the answer is yes, hormonal contraceptives can cause temporary infertility in females.
Suggested for you: What Are the Causes of Infertility in Males & Females?, What Causes Female Infertility? – Definition, Signs & Treatment and Which Contraceptives Really Work? – Types of Birth Control Methods.