Epididymitis is an inflammation of a part of the testicle called the epididymis, which is located at the back of the testicle. The function of the epididymis is to store and transport sperm. Among the causes of epididymitis, the most common are sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, other urinary tract and prostate infections, or trauma.
The inflammation usually produces significant pain and redness and swelling of the testicle. Recommended measures to improve symptoms include rest, moving the testicle can worsen inflammation and cause pain, so it is not recommended. Bed rest, lying down with the scrotum elevated, applying cold compresses to the inflamed area, using a testicular jockstrap, avoiding efforts such as picking up heavy objects and avoiding sexual relations.