It depends on the type of birth control method used. If you use a hormonal type of contraceptive, then the answer is no: they work by inhibiting ovulation. Birth control pills and other hormonal methods contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progestin, which are used to alter the normal functioning of the cycle in order to prevent ovulation.
Other forms of birth control, such as the copper IUD and condoms, don't contain hormones, hence their name barrier methods. They work by blocking the pathway of sperm toward the egg.