Tubal ligation, also known as "tube sterilization", is a permanent method of contraception. During a tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are cut, tied, or blocked to prevent pregnancy permanently. The ligation prevents the egg from moving from the ovaries through the fallopian tubes and blocks the sperm path from the fallopian tubes to the egg. The procedure does not affect the menstrual cycle.
A tubal ligation can be performed at any time, even after childbirth or in combination with other abdominal surgeries, such as a cesarean section. Tubal ligation is usually not reversible. Trying to reverse it requires major surgery and is not always effective. Tubal ligation is an operation that involves incision of the abdomen. It also needs anesthesia.
Some of the risks associated with tubal ligation are as follows:
- Damage to intestines, bladder, or major blood vessels
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Inadequate wound healing or infection
- Continuous pelvic or abdominal pain
- Failure of the procedure, resulting in unwanted future pregnancy
Factors that increase the likelihood of complications after tubal ligation include:
- Having undergone pelvic or abdominal surgery