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What is endometrial atrophy?

By Marta Barranquero Gómez (embryologist).
Last Update: 11/29/2021

Endometrial atrophy consists of thinning of the endometrium. The endometrium becomes thinner and more fragile. This usually occurs once menopause is reached as a result of a decrease in estrogen levels in women.

However, the onset of menopause is not the only cause of endometrial atrophy. Some patients may also have a thin endometrium due to medical induction or the presence of certain pathologies such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, pituitary alterations, etc.

One of the problems that can be caused by endometrial atrophy is the difficulty in achieving pregnancy in women of childbearing potential. This is due to the fact that if the endometrium does not acquire adequate thickness, the embryo will not be able to implant and, therefore, gestation will not take place.

 Marta Barranquero Gómez
Marta Barranquero Gómez
BSc, MSc
Embryologist
Graduated in Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences by the University of Valencia (UV) and specialized in Assisted Reproduction by the University of Alcalá de Henares (UAH) in collaboration with Ginefiv and in Clinical Genetics by the University of Alcalá de Henares (UAH).
License: 3316-CV
Embryologist. Graduated in Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences by the University of Valencia (UV) and specialized in Assisted Reproduction by the University of Alcalá de Henares (UAH) in collaboration with Ginefiv and in Clinical Genetics by the University of Alcalá de Henares (UAH). License: 3316-CV.