By Andrea Rodrigo BSc, MSc (embryologist).
Last Update: 05/05/2016

Egg donation is a fertility treatment that can be used for in vitro fertilization (IVF) and ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection), which mean that fertilization takes place in the laboratory.

The Russian Law governing medically assisted reproduction is called “Federal law on public health protection” of November 2011.

It establishes no restriction regarding the nationality or place of residence of the people undergoing fertility treatments.

Nevertheless, same-sex couples, whether they are female or male, are not allowed to undergo any of these assisted reproduction techniques.

As for age limits to access a fertility treatment, there exists no specific legal restriction. Many clinics do not allow women older than 50 to access assisted conception, though.

IVF with donor eggs

In vitro fertilization using donor eggs involves using the eggs of a young donor in order to fertilize them in the lab—either through IVF or ICSI. The aim is to transfer a maximum of 3 embryos out of the ones that have made it to day 3 or 5 after fertilization.

Different types of egg donation can be found within Russia:

  • Altruistic donation
  • Paid or commercial donation
  • Anonymous donation
  • Non-anonymous donation (the egg or sperm donor must be a close friend or relative)
  • Double donation (both donor eggs and donor sperm)

Besides, Russia allows the cryopreservation and storage of gametes, embryos, and human reproductive tissue. Thanks to it, they can be used for future fertility cycles.

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is a procedure by which a single embryo cell is analyzed once the embryo has been created through in vitro fertilization. PGD is use to check whether there exists some genetic abnormality known to be associated with a severe condition.

In this sense, if the embryo presents some genetic abnormality, a healthier embryo will be selected, thereby leaving the affected embryo non-transferred.

Egg donors are young and healthy women whom have been thoroughly pre-screened before being accepted into the egg donation program.

However, some intended parents have a preference for performing a PGD to the embryos created from donor embryos in order to make sure it is free from any genetic disorder.

Gender selection is not allowed in Russia, except in duly justified exceptional cases where there is some risk of transmitting a sex-linked disease to offspring.

Since PGD is a technology that involves certain risks, performing it only when the medical team of the fertility center finds it strictly necessary is crucial.

Surrogacy in Russia

Surrogacy is allowed in Russia, and the woman who surrogates her uterus can be compensated for carrying the pregnancy to term—i.e. commercial surrogacy.

This is a widely used technique among women with uterine problems or whose uterus is absent; in other words, women who are unable to become pregnant.

As in the above mentioned fertility treatments allowed in Russia, straight couples and single women can undergo surrogacy, while same-sex couples do not.

Sharing is caring

Our editors have made great efforts to create this content for you. By sharing this post, you are helping us to keep ourselves motivated to work even harder.

Follow us on social media

Find the latest news on assisted reproduction in our channels.

Authors and contributors

 Andrea Rodrigo
BSc, MSc
Embryologist
Bachelor's Degree in Biotechnology from the Polytechnic University of Valencia. Master's Degree in Biotechnology of Human Assisted Reproduction from the University of Valencia along with the Valencian Infertility Institute (IVI). Postgraduate course in Medical Genetics. More information

4 comments

    1. Vhainne

      Hi, is this also applicable for a lesbian couple if one of us wants to undergo IVF? And what would be the price? Can we get a donor from you as well?? Thanks!

    2. Keep it Simple

      So, if a surrogate is paid like 5,000 euros for carrying a pregnancy and they do it through commercial surrogacy, another woman that does it through altruistic surrogacy does not have the right to have a compensation, right? Or can you be paid 5,000 if the IP’s decide that you deserve it, even if it is an altruistic surrogacy? What a mess I’ve made…

      • Sandra FernándezBA, MA

        Hello,

        Whenever a surrogate is given a compensation, we’d be talking about “commercial surrogacy”. That’s why we’ve listed above the different types of surrogacy or egg donation that can be chosen in Russia.

        Best regards