Potential defects or anomalies that can be found in sperm include:
- Head defects
- too small, too large, double-headed, balloon-shaped, with too large vacuoles...
- Midpiece defects
- too thin, too thick, too short, too long, bent, without neck...
- Tail defects
- too short, too long, duplicate tails, coiled, detached tail...
A single spermatozoon can have just one anomaly or, conversely, multiple defects.
In any case, with just an abnormality in one part, the sperm cell is considered an abnormal one.
Bachelor's Degree in Biotechnology from the Technical University of Valencia (UPV). Biotechnology Degree from the National University of Ireland en Galway (NUIG) and embryologist specializing in Assisted Reproduction, with a Master's Degree in Biotechnology of Human Reproduction from the University of Valencia (UV) and the Valencian Infertility Institute (IVI)