A woman's reproductive capacity depends on the correct functioning of her reproductive system, as well as the endocrine system that regulates it. The most important sexual organs are those located inside the abdomen: the vagina, the cervix, the uterus, the Fallopian tubes and the ovaries.
In each menstrual cycle, hormones secreted by the pituitary gland (LH and FSH) stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs. If, after ovulation, an egg is fertilized by a sperm, there is a chance that the resulting embryo will implant in the uterus and result in pregnancy.
Read the full article on: Female fertility: development of the female reproductive system ( 44).
By Marta Barranquero Gómez B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist), Paloma de la Fuente Vaquero M.D., Ph.D., M.Sc. (gynecologist), Zaira Salvador B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist) and Michelle Lorraine Embleton B.Sc. Ph.D. (biochemist).
Last Update: 09/09/2022