The ovary consists of the following two structures:
- The cortex
- is the outer layer that covers the egg. In this structure folliculogenesis takes place, this is the process by which a primordial follicle is recruited until it becomes an antral follicle, that is, containing a mature and fertile egg. This process depends on the hormonal changes that occur in the woman's menstrual cycle.
- The marrow
- is the tissue that forms the nucleus of the ovary. This structure is highly vascularized and has a large number of blood vessels and nerves. Its function is to provide the necessary nutrients from the bloodstream to the ovarian cortex.
By Blanca Paraíso MD, PhD, MSc (gynecologist), Cristina Mestre Ferrer BSc, MSc (embryologist), Juan Antonio García Velasco MD, PhD (gynecologist), Laura Parra Villar (embryologin), Dr. Marita Espejo Catena BSc, MSC, PhD (gynecologist) and Romina Packan (invitra staff).
Last Update: 04/15/2020