Ovarian torsion, also known as adnexal torsion, is a condition of the female reproductive system caused by the rotation of the vascular pedicle of the ovary. Sometimes rotation of the fallopian tubes also occurs.
This is a rare pathology in the female population. Some of the risk factors for ovarian torsion are the following:
- Ovulation induction.
- Tumors that cause ovarian growth.
Ovarian torsion usually causes severe pain in the pelvic area and may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
When ovarian torsion is suspected, it is recommended that a laparoscopy be performed as soon as possible to confirm the diagnosis and attempt to save the ovaries. If this is not possible, it will be necessary to remove the ovaries and even the fallopian tubes, which is called salpingooforectomy.