Hysteroscopy is a gynecological endoscopy that allows direct visualization of the uterine endometrium. This is done using an optical instrument known as a hysteroscope, which is inserted through the opening of the cervix. Normally, specialists use carbon dioxide or saline to dilate the cavity.
There are two possible purposes for hysteroscopy, i.e. surgical or diagnostic. In both cases, the woman lies down in a gynecological position and the doctor places the speculum to widen the opening of the vagina.
In the case of diagnostic hysteroscopy, no sedation or anesthesia is required. Instead, the woman will be sedated for a surgical hysteroscopy.
Some of the common situations in which this procedure is used are for diagnosis of bleeding, removal of polyps or fibroids, or even for sterilization procedures.