Gestational diabetes is diabetes that appears or is detected for the first time during pregnancy. Usually, gestational diabetes resolves once the pregnancy is over, with the birth of the baby. However, the woman may have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
This type of diabetes has been associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia and cesarean delivery, as well as fetal macrosomia (birth weight of 4 or 4.5 kg).
On the other hand, gestational diabetes could also have more long-term effects on the offspring, such as an increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.