If a woman has uterine fibroids, she may be concerned that they affect her fertility, but the truth is that the presence of fibroids does not always prevent a woman from becoming pregnant.
However, several factors have been proposed by which uterine fibroids could reduce a woman's fertility:
- Obstruction of the path of sperm through the uterus to the fallopian tubes.
- Deformation of the uterine cavity.
- Altered uterine contractility.
- Changes in vascularization.
However, submucosal fibroids, which grow into the cavity of the uterus, are the ones that have been most associated with affecting female fertility.