The causes of hyperprolactinemia can be classified as follows:
- Physiological causes
- pregnancy, lactation, sleep, physical exercise, sexual relations and stress.
- Pharmacological causes
- sedatives, antidepressants, anxiolytics or the use of oral contraceptives with estrogens.
- Pathological causes
- hypogonadism, hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovarian syndrome, chronic renal failure, etc.
- Tumor causes
- benign tumors such as pituitary adenomas and prolactinomas.
By Dra. Amanda Olinda Sinchitullo Rosales (gynecologist), Cristina Mestre Ferrer BSc, MSc (embryologist), Zaira Salvador BSc, MSc (embryologist) and Romina Packan (invitra staff).
Last Update: 01/17/2020