The endometrium is the innermost layer of the uterus, composed of a multitude of blood vessels and endometrial glands that regenerate during each menstrual cycle.
Specifically, it is possible to differentiate two layers in the endometrium: the basal layer and the functional layer. The basal layer contains the endometrial stem cells that generate the functional layer. The functional layer is the part that begins to grow at the beginning of each menstrual cycle and is shed with menstruation.
Finally, the myometrium is the intermediate layer of the uterus, composed of muscular tissue.
Read the full article on: What is the endometrium? – Thickening, types and pathologies ( 52).
By Carmen Ochoa Marieta M.D., Ph.D., M.Sc. (gynecologist), Marta Barranquero Gómez B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist), Miguel Dolz Arroyo M.D., Ph.D. (gynecologist), Paula Fabra Roca M.D., M.Sc. (gynecologist), Rafael Collazos Robles M.D. (gynecologist), Zaira Salvador B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist) and Cristina Algarra Goosman B.Sc., M.Sc. (psychologist).
Last Update: 11/30/2021