Polycystic ovaries characterize for the presence of 8 o more follicles in basal conditions (menstrual phase). These follicles are in a resting phase, that is, growth is stopped. This causes them to atrophy and turn into cysts, hence the name polycystic ovaries.
Normal ovary vs. polycystic ovary
By Carmen Ochoa Marieta M.D., Ph.D., M.Sc. (gynecologist), Miguel Ángel Vincenti Bosco M.D. (gynecologist), Rebeca Reus BSc, MSc (embryologist), Zaira Salvador B.Sc., M.Sc. (embryologist) and Sandra Fernández B.A., M.A. (fertility counselor).
Last Update: 02/12/2019