Therefore, regardless of the type chosen, insemination using the husband’s sperm (AIH), which is done using sperm from the partner, or insemination using donor’s sperm (AID), which uses sperm from a donor, it will not be necessary to take strong hormone medications, hence its milder side effects.
Once the insemination is done, staff members of the centre which you have chosen may advise you about the lifestyle and the necessary conditions which you should follow after having the AI done. Among others, it is advisable for the couple to engage in sexual activity between eight and twelve hours after the technique has been performed, since it will favour uterine contractions and, thus, the ascent of the sperm which has been settled from the uterus to the fallopian tubes, where the oocyte ready for fertilisation is to be found. As a zygote, it will then begin a rapid descent to the endometrium.
Given its simplicity, this method does not require any rest after being performed. Therefore, the patient’s lifestyle should be as usual as always until the moment of the pregnancy test. This includes normal daily activity such as going out or for a walk, driving, working and even, if applicable, swimming on the beach or on the pool, but trying to avoid as far as possible extreme physical efforts.
The pregnancy test will be performed when instructed by your gynaecologist. It is usually no later than fifteen days after the AI. The test can be done as if no assisted reproductive technology had been used for its achievement, using blood or urine. Both methods are equally reliable, hence the doctor’s recommendation will always be ideal.
In case the patient starts bleeding before the pregnancy test, she must never stop taking the medication she was prescribed after AI. Conversely, she has to contact her medical team and learn about what she should do.
In case the pregnancy test is negative, another AI can be done consecutively. In such case, the gynaecologist will prescribe you a new medication in order to start again with a second attempt.
Although it rarely happens, the patient could notice some discomfort around her vaginal area. In such case, she should contact specialists for advice on what is better for that situation. It usually consists of taking paracetamol or something similar, although always under medical prescription, never on your own.
Despite complications derived from the insemination are uncommon, it is very important for the patient to continue urinating as always. Otherwise she should contact her reference centre, where she will be told what to do. Drinking plenty of fluids and avoiding salt is also advisable as far as possible.
Given its simplicity, AI is a very comfortable technique and more cost effective than the other ones. Thus, if your case history is favourable, any couple will be recommended to undergo AI.