Artificial insemination by donor (AID) is an assisted reproductive technique applied within the following cases:
- Male sterility marked as not relevant for performing an ICSI, such as cases of azoospermia in which sperm retrieval within the testes or the epididymis is not possible.
- Repeated ICSI failure because of male or unknown causes.
- If there are chances for the man to pass down any genetic disorder to his offspring and after dismissing the Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD).
- If there are chances for the man to pass down any Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) even when the total elimination of the disease cannot be assured after having performed a seminal lavage.
- Single women desiring to become a single mom.
- Lesbian couples.
Artificial insemination by donor guidelines are the same as those of artificial insemination by husband. The only difference lies in the origin of the semen sample, which is taken from a sperm donor.
Artificial insemination is recommended depending on age and as long as it is indicated, since it is the less invasive technique and presents high pregnancy rates. Each insemination separately has a success rate of 15%-20%. This rate is cumulative, which means that it will keep on increasing after every attempt until a maximum of 4 attempts.
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